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in categories  works  3d  architecture  projects  permalink:  311   posted on 21.12.2016 16:25
From Yorik

Casa Min-Max

Esta casa custa R$ 55 000. Completa, com tudo.

This house costs BRL 55 000. Complete, with everything.

Como chegamos ate aqui?

Sempre nos incomodou o conceito de habitação "social". Como se habitação pura fosse outra coisa, como se a habitação "social" fosse uma exceção e não a regra (falamos em Brasil). Mas o que os livros chamam de habitação social é onde vive a maioria das pessoas. Então por que dar um nome especial ao que é o corriqueiro? Pois bem, daqui em diante trataremos apenas de habitação. Como deve ser. Digna e para todos.

How did we get here?

The concept of "social housing" always disturbed us. As if "pure" housing was something else, as if social housing was an exception to the rule (we are mainly talking about Brazil here). But what books call social housing is actually where most of the people live. Why give a special name to something that is common? From now on, we will only talk about housing. As it should be. Dignified and for anybody.

Este é uma reflexão nossa sobre o conceito de casa incremental, usado pelo arquiteto chileno Alejandro Aravena, que pode ser resumido assim: “Com um orçamento pela metade, em vez de fazer uma casa meio boa meio ruim, vamos fazer uma meia-casa boa, onde o morador possa completar a outra metade depois”.

Essa é a nossa jornada. Enquanto arquitetos e enquanto moradores. Enquanto pessoas que desejam uma cidade com oportunidades mais igualitárias para todos. Esse projeto foi feito para ser uma experiência real. Não apenas um projeto, mas como ele se comporta no dia a dia. O mais importante para isso é saber: quanto custa para fazer o que queremos e precisamos?

Qual o máximo que podemos fazer com um mínimo de custo? Quais seriam as soluções mais adaptadas aos financiamentos existentes? Encontrar o equilíbrio. Iniciar pelo orçamento.

This is a reflection about the incremental housing concept, used by Chilean architect Alejandro Aravena, that can be explained like this: "With half a budget, instead of doing a house that is half-good, half-bad, let's do half a good house, where the owner can do the other half later".

This is our journey. As architects and as dwellers. As people who want a city with more equal opportunities for eveybody. This project was thought to be a real experience. Not only as a project, but how it behaves day after day. The most important question for this to become real is: How much does it cost to do it the way we want?

What is the maximum we can do with a minimal cost? What are the solutions most adapted to existing financing options? Find the equilibrium. Begin from the budget.

Casa max-min

Nossa busca foi por uma solução urbana, pratica e de qualidade, que pudesse ser executada facilmente e que permitisse reduzir os custos iniciais para facilitar o financiamento. Partimos de duas ideias inspiradas pelo Aravena para montar o nosso projeto de meia casa "boa" e economizar custos:

  1. A casa pode ser aumentada
  2. Parte do acabamento é feita posteriormente

Esse projeto é um projeto piloto. Ele foi desenvolvido para ser o ponto de partida para outras ideias, ser adaptado caso a caso, terreno a terreno, família a família. É uma casa pensada para cidades, onde o terreno é caro.

Decidimos por utilizar um terreno de 70 m², que é pequeno, mas é um tamanho bem comum nos bairros mais periféricos de São Paulo e nas áreas que eram favelas antigamente. Podemos utilizar posteriormente terrenos maiores ou menores, mas construir em um terreno menor permite, em ultimo caso, um maior investimento no mesmo. Isso significa poder utilizar um terreno mais valorizado, com mais acesso aos equipamentos e facilidades urbanas. É importante lembrar que morar bem é feito 50% pela casa propriamente dita e 50% do local onde se mora.

Essa casa não é uma casa de interesse social, é uma casa para todos aqueles que estejam interessados em construir com qualidade economizando muito e estejam dispostos a fazer algumas concessões.

Ela tem, a princípio, 50m². Consideramos 50m² um bom custo-benefício, o que é muito relativo: para alguns pode ser pouco, mas muitas habitações são muito menores. O PMCMV (Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida) tinha como mínimo 41 m², mas muitos empreendimentos no centro da cidade de São Paulo possuem muito menos, mesmo os idealizados para pessoas de alta renda (na região central, uma construtora conhecida está, neste momento, vendendo apartamentos de 18m²).

Max-min house

Our search is for a urban, practical and quality solution, that can be easily executed and that allow to reduce the initial costs to facilitate the financing. We started from two ideas inspired by Aravena to build our "half a good house" project and reduce costs:

  1. The house can be expanded
  2. Part of the finishing can be done later

This is a pilot project. It is developed to be the starting point for other ideas, be adapted case by case, terrain by terrain, family by family. It is a house designed for cities, where the price of the land is high.

We started using a 70 m² terrain, which is small, but a very common size in peripheral neighbourhoods of São Paulo and areas that were favelas (slums) before. It is of course possible to use bigger terrains (or smaller), but using a small terrain gives a better investment. This means that it is possible to use a better terrain, more expensive, but localised closer to urban equipment and facilities like schools, shops, jobs, etc. It is important to keep in mind that "a good house" depends half on the house itself, half on where this house is situated.

This house is not social housing, it is a house for anybody interested in building something with quality, for a cheap price, and ready to make some concessions.

It has, in principle, 50 m². We consider 50 m² as a good quality-cost balance, which is of course very relative: For some it can feel small, but many housing units are much smaller. The PMCMV (Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida) program specified a minimum of 41 m², but many housing units in the centre of São Paulo have much less, even when targeting people with high income (in the central region, a known real-estate company is currently selling 18 m² units).

Um dos quartos pode abrir diretamente para o espaço exterior da frente, o que permite usar ele para trabalho (escritório, consultório, oficina, etc). A possibilidade de trabalhar em casa ajuda a reunir trabalho e moradia, que em cidades grandes ficam muito distantes um do outro, além de ampliar as opções de vida dos moradores.

O projeto inclui fundações já calculadas para que no futuro possua um andar superior, o que pode aumentá-lo para até 100m². Para isso, a laje já é recortada para a escada. A cobertura é desmontável e pode ser reaproveitada em cima do andar superior quando o mesmo for construído.

One of the rooms can open directly to the front yard, which allows to use it to work (as an office, consultancy cabinet, workshop, etc). This also helps to reunite working and living, which is big cities have become very distant one to the other. This also helps to give more life options to people living in the house.

The project has foundations already dimensioned to bear a future upper floor, which can raise the floor area up to 100m². The above slab is also already cut to allow the placing of a staircase. The roof is removable and can be reused above the upper floor when it gets built.

A cobertura também é descolada da laje, com ampla ventilação, para não transmitir o calor, melhorando o isolamento térmico.

The roof is also separated from the slab, with good ventilation, to not transmit the heat, which is the best possible thermal insulation.

Começamos o projeto dessa casa pelo orçamento, o qual pretendemos que esteja em constante evolução. Ela custa, em sua versão mínima porem completamente habitável, menos de R$ 55 000. Em conjunto com os arquivos de desenho do projeto, estamos disponibilizando um arquivo com a tabela do orçamento. Usamos como fonte o SINAPI, os preços da PMSP, do FDE-SP e outras fontes publicas, discriminadas a cada item. Todos esses campos podem ser trocados, permitindo que cada um pegue essa listagem em sua cidade e consiga saber quanto que uma casa como essa poderia custar. Para chegarmos a esse preço, usamos os preços mais altos que encontramos, o que significa que provavelmente ela custara menos que isso, mas queríamos evitar surpresas desagradáveis.

Com R$ 55 000, ela tem tudo que normalmente é entregue em uma casa nova: Infraestrutura, encanamento, equipamentos, instalação elétrica boa, etc. Tem muitas janelas, pois o aumento de custo é pouco. Assim, apesar do terreno pequeno, a luz é captada por todo lugar, por onde for possível. Também toda a parte mais cara para a construção do segundo andar já esta incluída: as fundações, as lajes e o local da escada.

Como falamos anteriormente, para economizar, nessa versão deixamos algumas partes para serem feitas posteriormente. As paredes em geral não possuem acabamento. Apenas na cozinha, área de serviço e banheiro foi previsto acabamento cerâmico. Isso economiza mais de R$ 5000. O acabamento pode ser feito depois, mas também pode ser deixado assim. Foi pensado para funcionar muito bem sem qualquer acabamento.

We began the project with the budget scheduling, which should stay in constant evolution. The house costs, in its minimal but fully habitable version, less than 55 000 BRL. Together with the design files, we are providing the full budget estimation spreadsheet. We used several public sources like SINAPI, and prices from PMSP and FDE-SP, which are indicated in the spreadsheet. All these prices can be revised and changed, allowing anyone to adapt the prices to what is available in his/her city and know precisely how much it will cost. In this estimation, we also used systematically the highest prices available, to avoid bad surprises later. So this house might cost less than that.

With 55 000 BRL, it has everything that is commonly included in a new house: Infrastructure, piping, equipment, good electrical installation, etc. There are large windows, which don't raise the price much. Therefore, even on a small terrain, light can enter everywhere, wherever possible. All the more expensive part of the possible upper floor is already included: Foundations, slabs, and the place for the stairs.

As we wrote earlier, to save money, in this version, some parts are left to be done later. Most of the walls don't have finishing. Only the kitchen, service area and bathroom have ceramics on the walls. This saves more than 5 000 BRL. Finishing can be dome later, but it can also be left as is. The project is thought to work without the need for any finishing.

Uma outra grande economia possível, em vez de construir uma casa só, é construir mais de uma, e dessa maneira, compartilhar uma das paredes laterais com um vizinho.

Ela pode ser construída com blocos de concreto ou cerâmicos. O preço é quase o mesmo e as propriedades, similares. O bloco cerâmico respira melhor, o que melhora a atmosfera dentro da casa. Existem também outras possibilidades que ainda não exploramos, como o tijolo de solo-cimento.

O valor da casa sem economia nenhuma é R$ 67 000. Mas também é possível diminuir o preço bem abaixo de R$ 55 000, por exemplo fazendo algumas partes si mesmo, economizando mão de obra. Não é nenhuma tarefa impossível, existem muitas maneiras de aprender.

Caso seja construída com construtora, o valor ficara bem mais alto por causa dos custos indiretos da construtora, como transporte, funcionários, mestre de obra, etc, e que incluem também o lucro da empresa. Essas despesas indiretas hoje em dia podem chegar em torno de 30% do valor da obra.

Esse projeto é totalmente open source. Todos os arquivos podem ser baixados, usados e modificados por quem quiser. Mas também permite que outras pessoas tragam ideias e que o projeto melhore. Sinta-se a vontade para agregar e discutir.

Another possible big saving is, instead of building a single house, to build more than one next to each other, so one of the side walls can be shared with a neighbour.

It could be built with concrete blocks or ceramic masonry. The price is almost the same and the properties are similar. The ceramic masonry breathes better, which betters the atmosphere inside the house. There are more possibilities we didn't explore yet, such as cement-earth blocks.

The price of the house without any of these savings is 67 000 BRL. But it is also possible to lower the price well below 55 000 BRL, for example by self-building some parts, which saves labour costs. This is by no means an impossible task, many ways to learn exist.

If this is house is given to a construction company to build, the cost will be much higher, because of the indirect costs of the company like transport, employees, etc and the profit of the company itself. These indirect costs can today add around 30% to the building costs.

This project is fully open source. All the project files can be downloaded, used and modified by anyone. But it also allows other people to bring ideas and make the project better. Feel at home to join and discuss.


in categories  works  architecture  projects  3d  blender  permalink:  289   posted on 02.11.2016 14:51
From Yorik

Casa Natureza

USA, 2016
Em projeto

Uma casa modernista da grande tradição brasileira do ideal das casas modernistas, que funciona para os climas do hemisfério norte.

Retorno à natureza

A modernist house in the grand tradition of Brazilian modernist dream houses, that works in northern hemisphere climates.

Return to the nature

Hoje todos nós vemos que a industrialização acelerada que nós temos vivido durante as últimas décadas está indo longe demais. O clima do nosso planeta está sofrendo perigosamente, bem como nossos próprios corpos humanos. Estamos consumindo muito, e confiando demais em uma cadeia interminável de tecnologias poluentes, onde cada uma finge resolver os problemas criados pela anterior. Muitos de nós sentem a necessidade urgente de escapar desse ciclo, e redescobrir um estilo de vida mais ligado à natureza e simplicidade.

Esta casa coloca você dentro da natureza. A qualquer momento, a partir de qualquer ponto, você vê, ouve e sente a natureza ao seu redor. Um mínimo de artificial e um máximo de natural. Ela funciona naturalmente melhor em grandes terrenos, mas pode ser acomodada em terrenos menores também, usando muita vegetação e jogando de forma inteligente com a topografia.

Today we all see that the accelerated industrialization we've been living in during the last decades is going too far. The climate of our planet is suffering dangerously, as well as our own human bodies. We are consuming too much, and relying too much on an endless chain of polluting technologies, each one pretending to solve the problems created by the previous one. Many of us feel the urgent need to escape that cycle, and rediscover a lifestyle more connected to nature and simplicity.

This house places you inside the nature. At any moment, from any point, you see, hear and feel nature around you. A minimum of artificial, and a maximum of natural. It works of course best on large terrains, but can be accommodated on smaller terrains as well, using of a lot of vegetation and playing intelligently with the topography.

Herança modernista

Modernist heritage

Arquitetos modernistas em todo o mundo, de volta à década de 40, tiveram uma forte compreensão da necessidade de uma conexão entre o ser humano e elementos naturais, como ar fresco e sol, e o delicado equilíbrio entre os volumes construídos e espaços abertos. Infelizmente, depois que os mestres desapareceram, o que os seus descendentes e o mundo lembraram do modernismo foi o aspecto, as, formas ascéticas brancas, e esqueceu-se sobre essas ideias muito fundamentais. As próximas décadas, evidentemente, viram o surgimento de fortes movimentos anti-modernistas. Hoje, estamos finalmente em condições de fazer as pazes com nosso passado e fazer algo novo a partir dessas preciosas ideias originais.

Esta casa não tenta ser de qualquer estilo. Ele tenta oferecer uma conexão simples e direta entre você e o mundo ao seu redor. Isso significa ser capaz de ver, ouvir ou sentir o exterior, e também tocar em matérias-primas, sentir a sua temperatura e sua conexão com a própria terra.

Modernist architects all over the world, back in the 40s, had a strong understanding of the need for connection between the human being and natural elements such as fresh air and sun, and the delicate balance between built volumes and open spaces. Unfortunately, after the masters vanished, what their descendants and the world remembered of modernism was the aspect, the white, ascetic forms, and forgot about those very fundamental ideas. The next decades, obviously, saw the emergence of strong anti-modernist movements. Today, we are finally able to make peace with our past, and make something new out of these precious, original ideas.

This house doesn't try to be of any style. It tries to offer a simple and direct connection between you and the world around you. This means being able to see, hear or feel the outside, but also touch raw materials, feel their temperature, and their connection to the very earth.

Ótimo comportamento climático

Great climatic behaviour

Um dos lugares no mundo onde a arquitetura modernista melhor sobreviveu com seu significado original é o Brasil. O clima perfeito, que, na maior parte do país torna o aquecimento ou arrefecimento desnecessário, empurrou o florescimento destas casas maravilhosas, aninhadas no meio da densa vegetação nativa, onde é possível abrir uma grande parte (se não toda) das peles de vidro e deixar o lado de fora entrar na casa.

"Aqui não é a Itália, isto nunca vai funcionar aqui", disse o povo, quando os arquitetos da cidade de Copenhagem propuseram em toda a cidade a criação de uma série de ciclovias, espaços abertos, terraços e lugares para que as pessoas simplesmente pudessem sentar e desfrutar de estar fora. Após terem sido implementados, não só eles são amplamente utilizados durante todo o ano, mesmo sob temperaturas congelantes, mas também mudaram Copenhagen profundamente e tornando-a uma das cidades com maior qualidade de vida em todo o mundo. Hoje, a área comercial pedestre e livre de carros Strøget é o cartão postal de Copenhagem. Acreditamos que o contato com a natureza é algo que todos nós desejamos, não importa onde no mundo.

One of the place in the world where modernist architecture has best survived with its original meaning is Brazil. The perfect climate, that in most of the country renders heating or cooling unnecessary, pushed the flourishing of these marvellous houses, nested in the middle of dense native vegetation, where it is possible to open a large part (if not all) of the glass walls, and let the outside enter the house.

"Here is not Italy, this will never work here" said people when the Copenhagen city architects proposed to create throughout the city a series of cycle routes, open spaces, terraces and places for people to simply sit and enjoy being outside. After these were implemented, not only are they extensively used the whole year round, even under freezing temperatures, but they also changed Copenhagen deeply and turned it one of the cities with the highest life quality worldwide. Today, the pedestrian, car free shopping area Strøget is the Copenhagen postcard. We believe that contact with nature is something we all want, no matter where in the world.

Não podemos deixar todas as nossas janelas abertas durante todo o ano, como no Brasil, quando vivemos em latitudes mais ao norte, isso é verdade. Isso não significa que nós não gostaríamos de abri-las amplamente, durante o tempo em que é possível. Isso também não significa que nós não poderíamos aproveitar esse contato sob outra forma, durante os meses de inverno.

We cannot leave all our windows open the whole year round, like in Brazil, when we live under more northern latitudes, that is true. That doesn't mean we don't like to open them wide, during the time when it is possible. That also doesn't mean we couldn't enjoy that contact under another form, during the winter months.

  1. laje de concreto
  2. teto isolante
  3. piso isolante
  4. vidro de alto desempenho
  5. sombreamento de bambu sobre o vidro ou painéis isolantes
  6. deck de madeira

Esta casa oferece grandes paredes de vidro, que podem ser amplamente e sem qualquer controle abertas durante todos os dias de verão, tornando os diferentes espaços interiores totalmente parte do lado de fora, e fazer você se sentir como se estivesse no Brasil. Durante o inverno, o seu isolamento altamente inovador a torna quase uma casa passiva. Uma concha de concreto externa funciona como um exoesqueleto de proteção. No interior, uma caixa térmica, literalmente, uma caixa dentro de outra caixa, é totalmente livre de elementos estruturais, o que a torna também totalmente livre de pontes térmicas, e fácil de aquecer. Tudo isto é conseguido com bom senso, bom pensamento e idéias simples, ao invés de tecnologias pesadas. Esta casa simplesmente não precisa delas. E mesmo durante os dias de inverno rigoroso, você nunca perde o contato com a natureza. Isso visualmente, graças às grandes janelas, mas também por causa dos materiais brutos e simples que estão infiltrados em seu interior.

  1. concrete slab
  2. insulated ceiling
  3. insulated floor
  4. high-performance glass
  5. bamboo shadowing over glass or insulated panels
  6. wooden deck

This house offers large glass walls, that can be widely and wildly opened all around during the summer days, turning the different spaces fully part of the outside, and making you feel like you were in Brazil. During the winter, its state-of-the-art insulation makes it almost a passive house. An outer concrete shell acts as a protective exoskeleton. Inside, an insulated box, literally a box-in-a-box, is totally free of structural elements, which makes it also totally free of thermal bridges, and easy to heat. All this is achieved with good sense, good thinking and simple ideas, rather than heavy technologies. This house simply doesn't need them. And even during harsh winter days, you never loose contact with nature. Visually, thanks to the large windows, but also because raw and simple materials infiltrate inside.

Um design de código aberto e internacional

International, open-source design

Esta casa adquiriu o conhecimento combinado de uma equipe de arquitetos brasileiros, europeus e norte-americanos. Nós entendemos as qualidades e a sensação única dessas casas brasileiras ideais, sabemos como elas funcionam e o que as faz formidáveis. Nós também temos uma enorme experiência de trabalho em países mais frios, sabemos o que faz um isolamento bom e eficiente, e nós temos ao longo do tempo desenvolvido várias idéias para fazer ambos os lados trabalharem juntos.

This house gains from the combined knowledge of a team of Brazilian, European and US architects. We understand the qualities and the unique feeling of these dream brazilian houses and know how they work and what makes them great. We also have a lot of experience working in colder countries, know what makes a good and efficient insulation, and we have over time developed several ideas to make both sides work together.

O projeto desta casa também tem o código totalmente aberto, o que permite uma alta permeabilidade das ideias. Ao ser usado por outras pessoas, ele também se beneficia do que as outras pessoas fazem, e novas ideias taçhadas no mundo todo são fáceis de adaptar e incorporar. Acreditamos que este é seu o verdadeiro e último significado que a habitação passiva e de baixo consumo deve alcançar, em vez de se tornar refém de poucas soluções de alta tecnologia.

The design of this house is also fully open-source, which permits a high permeability of ideas. By being used by other people, it also benefits from what other people do, and new cleaver ideas from around the world are easy to adapt and incorporate. We believe this is the ultimate, true meaning that passive and low-consumption housing must achieve, instead of being hostage of a few high-tech solutions.

Quanto custa?

How much does it cost?

Infelizmente, é impossível dar uma resposta direta a esta pergunta. Existem muitas variáveis que dependem de condições locais, tais como o clima, o terreno, que pode exigir fundações profundas ou não, a disponibilidade e preço dos materiais próximos ao terreno, e de construtores capazes de lidar com as matérias-primas deste casa com qualidade.

No entanto, graças ao uso da tecnologia BIM, uma lista de quantidades está sendo elaborada em conjunto com o projeto. Este quantitativo enumera todos os itens necessários para construir a casa. Com essa lista em mãos, você será capaz de ir a uma empresa de construção, ou orçamentista mais próximo, e pedir para colocar os preços em cada item.

O projeto da casa também pode ser profundamente modificado sem perder suas qualidades fundamentais. Isso permite que uma grande modificação de quantidade de espaço e do orçamento, para cima ou para baixo.

It is unfortunately impossible to give a direct answer to this question. There are too many variables that depend on local conditions, such as the climate, the terrain, which can require deep foundations or not, the availability and price of materials close to the terrain, and of builders able to cope with the raw materials of this house with quality.

However, thanks to the use of BIM technology, a bill of quantities is being elaborated together with the project. This bill lists all the items needed to build the house. With that bill in hands, you will be able to go to the nearest building company or quantity surveyor, and ask to put prices on each item.

The house design can also be heavily modified, without loosing its fundamental qualities. This allows a great deal of space and budget scaling, upwards or downwards.

  1. sala de estar e sala de jantar "públicos": 35,90 m² / 386,5 SQF
  2. cozinha: 8,55 m² / 92 SQF
  3. entrada/corredor: 28,44 m² / 306 SQF
  4. área de serviço: 5,41 m² / 58 SQF
  5. lavatório: 2,37 m² / 25,5 SQF
  6. banho: 4,78 m² / 51,5 SQF
  7. suíte: 11,30 m² / 121,5 SQF
  8. dormitório: 11,30 m² / 121,5 SQF
  9. dormitório: 11,30 m² / 121,5 SQF
  10. banheiro: 3,51 m² / 38 SQF
  11. escritório: 3,70 m² / 40 SQF
  12. sala de estar "privada": 26,5 m² / 285 SQF
  13. terraço: 70,69 m² / 761 SQF
  1. "public" lounge & dining room: 35.90 m² / 386.5 sqf
  2. kitchen: 8.55 m² / 92 sqf
  3. hall: 28.44 m² / 306 sqf
  4. laundry: 5.41 m² / 58 sqf
  5. lavatory: 2.37 m² / 25.5 sqf
  6. bathroom: 4.78 m² / 51.5 sqf
  7. master bedroom: 11.30 m² / 121.5 sqf
  8. bedroom: 11.30 m² / 121.5 sqf
  9. bedroom: 11.30 m² / 121.5 sqf
  10. bathroom: 3.51 m² / 38 sqf
  11. office: 3.70 m² / 40 sqf
  12. "private" lounge: 26.5 m² / 285 sqf
  13. terrace: 70.69 m² / 761 sqf

Este projeto é de código aberto. Os arquivos estão disponíveis no nosso github.

This project is open-source. Files are available on our github.


in categories  works  architecture  projects  permalink:  288   posted on 02.11.2016 14:49
From Yorik

in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  230   posted on 03.05.2016 22:29
From Yorik

Unidade Básica de Saúde Riacho Fundo

Esse projeto foi pensado para contribuir com a nova política de humanização do SUS. Nessa visão, a Unidade básica de Saúde (UBS) é um local de acolhimento e aconselhamento, sendo muito mais um local onde se cuida do que onde se cura. Ela não possui nenhum tipo de serviço de pronto atendimento, não faz cirurgias, nem atendimentos ou exames complexos. Basicamente, destina-se a ser uma continuação do Programa de Saúde da Família (PSF), onde os agentes de saúde do governo percorrem as moradias de uma área para auxiliar a população. Nesta UBS, a grande demanda são campanhas de vacinação, acompanhamento de gestantes e atendimento odontológico. Desse pressuposto, nasceu a ideia de um local que fosse mais como uma casa e menos como um hospital. Um lugar onde as pessoas ficassem à vontade e que também interagisse de outras formas com a comunidade, reforçando o caráter holístico da prevenção e também sua condição de direito e não de caridade. Um lugar para acolher e ser acolhido. Um lugar privilegiado de ensino e de aprendizagem, nunca um serviço menor.

This project was designed to contribute to the new humanization SUS policy. In this view, the Basic Health Unit (UBS) is a place of welcome and advice. It is much more a place to take care of than a place to heal. It does not have any kind of first aid service, surgeries or complex tests. Basically, it intended to be a continuation of the Family Health Program (PSF), where government health agents visit the houses in a specific area to assist the population. In this UBS, the great demand are vaccination campaigns, monitoring of pregnant women and dental care. From this assumption, the idea of ​​a place that works more like a home and less a hospital was born. A place where people stay at ease and that is able to interact in other ways with the community, strengthening the holistic character of prevention and also its status of a people's right instead of charity. A place to welcome and to be welcomed. A privileged place for teaching and learning, never a minor service.

Maximizando recursos: Promovendo saúde com áreas verdes

Maximizing resources: Potentializing health with green areas

A implantação do projeto resulta da adequação ao terreno e propõe uma edificação longilínea e térrea e integrada com um parque que recobre toda a área restante, visando sustentabilidade, menor impacto ambiental e custo. A arquitetura é intencionalmente simples e eficiente, deixando o protagonismo aos usuários, à natureza e à comunidade do entorno.

The project implantation results from the adequate use of the terrain and proposes a long one-floor building integrated with a park that covers all the remaining area, giving sustainability, smaller ecological footprint and cost. The architecture is intentionally simple and efficient, leaving the stage to users, nature and community.

A extrapolação, pelo parque, dos limites físicos construídos é a resposta arquitetônica ao uso da UBS como um espaço de promoção de saúde e bem-estar e não apenas um espaço de cura. O espaço verde aqui proposto é uma extensão da atenção integral à saúde, proporcionando uma recepção e espera mais acolhedoras e diversificadas.

The overflow, by the park, of the physical limits of the building is the architectural translation of the UBS as a health and well-being promotion tool, not only as a place for cure. The green space is an extension of the concept of integral attention to health, and gives a much broader sense to the welcome and reception space.

O parque permeia as áreas de espera e leva pequenos jardins para dentro da edificação, fazendo uma gradação entre as esperas internas e protegidas até a total imersão na natureza. Ele melhora toda a ambiência dos serviços prestados e funciona como um refúgio democrático de encontro e integração entre todos seus usuários, sejam eles profissionais, pacientes e acompanhantes ou pessoas oriundas da comunidade.

A diluição das esperas no parque resulta no término das filas. O espaço é fluido e orgânico, um espaço para permanecer e não apenas de esperar, uma ode ao bem-estar.

The park permeates the waiting areas and brings small gardens inside the building, creating a gradient between protected interior waiting up to total immersion in nature. It betters all the atmosphere around the care services and works as a democratic encounter and integration zone for all its users, being professionals, patients and relatives, or people from the neighbourhood.

The dilution of waiting areas into the park means the end of queues. The space is fluid and organic, a place to stay and not only a place to wait, an ode to well-being.



O paisagismo do parque não é apenas estético, mas sim utilitário. Ele é um membro ativo e indispensável do projeto. Concebido apenas com espécies nativas e disponíveis no local, ele ajuda a transformar o microclima do terreno e do entorno, tornando as temperaturas mais amenas e também contribuindo para melhorar a qualidade do ar.

A opção de um paisagismo com utilização de espécies nativas e majoritariamente arbóreas como ipê, jatobá, angelim, sucupira ou similares diminui o custo de implementação e gera uma manutenção mínima; tanto no parque como nos estacionamentos.

The landscape design of the park is not only visual, but also functional. It is an active and indispensable member of the project. Conceived only with native species available at the site, it helps to transform the microclimate of the terrain and around, lowering temperatures and contributing to a better air quality.

The choice of a landscape design that uses local and long-lasting species like ipê, jatobá, angelim, sucupira or similar lowers implementation costs and maintenance needs, in the park as well as in the parking spaces.

Ciente de que a vegetação possui seu próprio tempo de crescimento para fornecer a transformação de clima almejada, é proposto um estado intermediário de projeto onde os locais futuramente sombreados são permeados com guarda-sóis metálicos fixos.

Estes, permanecerão como coadjuvantes do espaço até o momento em que as árvores atinjam uma altura suficiente para que o parque funcione e então serão removidos. O parque adentra as áreas de recepção e espera, sendo estas previstas para permanecerem abertas durante o funcionamento da unidade.

Because the vegetation needs its own growing time before it can provide the aimed climatic transformation, an intermediary state is proposed, where fixed metallic parasols are spread along the areas to be shadowed by trees in the future.

These will act as space co-actors until the moment when the trees gain sufficient size for the park to work as designed, and will then be removed. The park permeates the waiting and reception areas, which are made to remain widely open during the working hours of the UBS.

Apesar de existirem alguns bancos fixos construídos em conjunto com os canteiros internos, é prevista a utilização de cadeiras móveis.

As cadeiras utilizadas podem ser arranjadas de diferentes maneiras dentro do espaço e mesmo serem levadas para o exterior proporcionando uma maior autonomia e descontração. Para o fechamento noturno ou eventual quebra-ventos são previstos painéis metálicos perfurados e portões nos corredores.

Apesar da espera dos pacientes comportar o tamanho exigido dentro de sua área coberta, ela se espalha pelo parque, tendo sua concentração dispersada pela diminuição de assentos conforme se distancia da edificação, tornando mais fácil o rápido acesso aos consultórios.

Although fixed seating is provided around the internal gardens, the main idea is to use mobile chairs.

The chairs can be arranged in different ways inside the waiting spaces or even be carried outside, giving more autonomy and relaxing to users. When the UBS is closed at night or in case of strong winds, perforated metallic panels can partially or totally close the open spaces.

Although the waiting space has the necessary size under the covered area, it spreads out in the park, with decreasing seating density, making more direct and natural the relationship with the consultancy areas.



Devido à natureza aberta dos edifícios, à utilização de ventilação cruzada e à imersão do edifício no parque, o uso de ar-condicionado central é dispensado. O aproveitamento de luz e ventilação naturais é aumentado pelos corredores e áreas de espera abertos.

A ventilação cruzada de várias maneiras: a cobertura é elevada em relação às lajes de fechamento, as janelas são voltadas para corredores abertos e ligados diretamente às áreas de espera perpendiculares aos ventos dominantes.

A cobertura de telhas metálicas avança para fora dos limites das paredes para evitar a insolação direta nas janelas e preservar a temperatura interior. A distribuição das esquadrias de alumínio com 1, 2 ou 3 módulos geram variações de fachada e garantem a plena ventilação.

A estrutura simples permite a adoção de várias soluções: concreto armado moldado in loco, pré-moldado ou alvenaria estrutural, sem mudanças no projeto.

The open nature of the building, the use of cross-ventilation and the immersion in the park turn air-conditioning unnecessary. Natural light and natural ventilation gains are maximised by the large corridors and the open waiting spaces.

The cross-ventilation is done in several ways: the roof is elevated above the ceiling slabs, windows are opened on the corridors and directly linked to the open areas, which are perpendicular to dominant winds.

The metallic roof extends out of the walls lines to impeach direct sun casting on the windows and preserve interior temperature. The distribution of aluminium window frames with 1, 2 or 3 modules give variation to the facades and allow full ventilation.

The simple structure allows to adopt many building solutions: precast concrete, in-loco concrete, or simple concrete blocks masonry, without impact on the project.

A chegada à Unidade Básica de Saúde se dá por um acesso pedestre voltado ao estacionamento público, um acesso pedestre que liga o parque à praça e uma entrada compartilhada entre pedestres e carros. Em toda a extensão do parque o carro é tolerado, sendo o pedestre o usuário principal.

A sua utilização por todas as pessoas permite mesmo a modificação da relação paciente/profissional de saúde, possibilitando encontros e ensinamentos ao ar livre entre estes, ou mesmo entre os próprios profissionais.

The arrival to the UBS is done by a pedestrian access through the public parking space, which forms a pedestrian link from the street to the park and a shared entrance between pedestrians and cars. In the whole entrance space, the car is tolerated, but the main user is the pedestrian.

Its use by everybody opens possibilities of evolution of the patient/doctor relationship, allows encounters and open-air teaching and learning between them, or even among the workers of the UBS.

O aproveitamento do espaço exterior também possibilita a inclusão de uma abordagem holística da promoção da saúde, com o uso de parquinhos infantis e equipamentos para exercícios físicos, ou mesmo espaços que podem ser compartilhados com a comunidade para aulas de ioga, alongamento ou tai chi chuan por exemplo.

O auditório se abre para um pequeno anfiteatro e pode aumentar sua área se unindo com a sala lateral, o que permite sua utilização por um público maior e mesmo pelos moradores das redondezas.

The intense use of the exterior space also makes possible a more holistic approach of health care, with the use of child parks, physical exercise equipment, or space that can be shared by the local community for activities like yoga, stretching or tai-chi-chuan.

The auditorium opens to a small exterior amphitheatre, and can have its size widened by uniting with the lateral room, which makes it usable by a bigger audience and by the local community.

Finalmente, transformar um edifício público em um espaço verde e comunitário contribui para que o projeto transcenda os limites físicos de seu terreno, melhorando a qualidade de vida de todo o entorno quer seja no âmbito social, ecológico ou mesmo de segurança. Os benefícios urbanos e ecológicos promovidos por ele se estendem mesmo aos moradores que não são seus usuários diretos e valorizam a região como um todo, resultando numa maximização dos recursos públicos investidos.

Finally, turning a public building into a green community space contributes to make the project transcend the physical limits of its terrain, bettering the quality of life of all its surroundings, in the social, ecological or even security spheres. The urban and ecological benefits brought by it extend to everybody, even to people who live nearby and are not direct users of the UBS, and raise the quality of the whole region, a maximisation of the invested public money.

Pranchas originais do concurso:

Original sheets of the competition:

Este projeto é de código aberto. Os arquivos estão disponíveis no nosso github.

This project is open-source. Files are available on our github.


in categories  architecture  projects  blender  works  permalink:  120   posted on 22.09.2015 23:20
From Yorik

Pirituba services center





This is a project we did for a small services center in São Paulo. The ground floor hosts three big stores, with different ceiling heights depending on their position on the site and their entrance level, and two upper floors of offices space, with open plan, dividable according to future necessities.

This project is based on several concepts that are precious to us, that all aim at reinforcing the interdependence between the different systems, like between the people of the city and the project, or between the users of the project and the vegetation.



The project is intentionally simple in its form and functioning. A simple concrete structure, without finishing, supports two slabs. On these two slabs, light metallic boxes host the offices, with open spaces left between them, that become terraces. Everything is protected from the sun by green roofs and curtains.

A fundamental point of the project is that it enlarges the public space. Instead of showing a simple facade along the sidewalk, it brings people inside the terrain, and creates a series of small additional differentiated spaces, that bet on diversity instead of area, like a parklet.



The central space, although occupied by parking, offers other interesting features: Its size and the fact that it is in direct contact with the ground allows to plant large trees, that protect the whole public space beneath from
sun and rain, and bring to the offices the marvellous quality of being "inside the trees".

The setbacks at the sides and bottom of the terrain are obviously left free and planted, which, we think, is the true meaning of these setbacks, to permit natural ecosystems to connect with each other and flow around buildings.



The vertical circulation, between the parking level, the ground floor and the office levels, is open, and made with industrial equipment (stairs, bridges and elevator), that can be fully mounted in factory and installed on site in one effort.

The whole project is more designed to be a system, configurable and reprogrammable, than a finished, static and immutable building.











Chech the blend file here

in categories  architecture  projects  works  permalink:  114   posted on 14.09.2015 23:34
From Yorik

Mixed use, Itu, Brazil





This project gathers in a same site three different uses: a residential building, a hotel, and a convention center.

The client being a real-estate investor, it was required, as usual in that context, to build as much as possible, in other words, to use the maximal construction area permitted by law. This produces a project with a lot of construction.



This high density becomes even more problematic with the approximation of very different and somewhat incompatible functions.

We choose to articulate these three uses around a strong, complex and catalyst public space: A succession of squares and ramps, that travel the distance and the difference of height between inferior corner (the main access) of the terrain and the higher level, where the project connects to the shopping center on the neighbouring terrain.





This way, the whole project does not bet anymore on a low density character, that would be expected for this scarcely built part of the city, but assumes a frank, higher-density urban character. The proximity of functions that seem at first sight discording, like a residencial building and a convention center, ends up giving additional qualities to the whole project, like an urban center.

The project recreates, therefore, some of the conditions that make people look for housing in animated urban centers, to benefit from the cultural, commercial and leisure options around.

To reach that objective, the projects bets mainly on its central public space. It serves as a glue between the different parts of the compound, permits the installation of commerce, restaurants, bars or coffee shops in the inferior levels of the hotel and the convention centre, and also directly on the public squares, all accessible to everybody. It also fosters interactions between the different functions, parts of the hotel can be used by the convention center and vice-versa.





Inspired by Amanda Burden (head of urban development of New York under Bloomberg), the project also tries to create, within this connection, a public space that people want to use: with a lot of vegetation, somewhere to sit and something to do...

Although the high density of the project and the subterranean parking do not permit very tall trees in the central part of the terrain, we tried to use as much as possible the variation of levels, building heights, voids, volumes, openings present in the project to achieve similar qualities: Many different places and spots, with different lighting and sun exposure, different
views, different uses, different orientations, to recreate the conditions of a complex and variate life.

Finally, this central space creates a new pedestrian connection between the shopping mall next and the lower side of the site, increasing the flow of people not only to the mall, but to the site itself. Both flows enhance each other, bringing life to the whole area, ensuring safety and recreation for the residential building, and consumers and general public for
the hotel, convention center and shopping mall.

This shared connection serves as common access to all the buildings, even though each of them has separate entrances, located on the ground level and on the underground parking.



blend Download blend file here

in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  36   posted on 13.03.2015 2:26
From Yorik

PACE



This is a reposting of a 2008 project, because its original home at
http://www.openarchitecturenetwork.org/node/687 is threatened with extinction...



This project for a new space created to shelter the activities of the P de Arte, Cultura e Educao (PACE) NGO, made little after the birth of the NGO, has a very simple fundamental idea. A single, polyvalent, extensible open space.

It is designed to shelter a single group of 15 to 30 children, and offer to both the children and the adults, e different and constantly renovated experience, a large vision of the universe, and a strong connection with nature.

The very restricted budget of a newborn NGO, instead of harming the project, reinforced its simplicity and flexibility: It is thought to evolve along the development of the NGO, growing together, and gaining diversification.

At the end of its use, when the NGO grows and doesn't fit the place anymore, the project becomes a house, and starts a new life.















See also:

technical assessment

program

preliminary project

final project

in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  35   posted on 13.03.2015 2:10
From Yorik

Kallari Chocolate Factory



This is a reposting of a 2008 project, because its original home on http://openarchitecturenetwork.org/node/1486 is threatened by extinction...



A COMMUNITY FACTORY

The new Kallari chocolate factory not only is a new turn in the life of the Kallari community, but also represents a very significant fact for all Latin America. For centuries, coffee and cacao industry has meant prosperity for a small group of investors and poverty for the vast majority of the continent.

This new factory represents a new turn in this industry. Not only this is a cacao industry owned and made by the people, but it is also managed and run as a community, not as a firm.

Our proposal for the new factory is, before anything else, a shelter for community activity. Being a chocolate factory, a crafts market, new activities we don't know about yet, this is the place where all this must happen: under one big roof.

Under that roof, the spaces are designed like a space station: independent modules, connected by bridges, doors, ramps or tubes. There is plenty of space left. New modules can be added later. But the objective is also to offer vast, covered open areas. Cacao processing and chocolate making is an activity that has traditionally a large open-air part, like stocking and drying, while the main factory module provides the conditions needed for finer chocolate manufacturing.

People here don't work like in a traditional factory, where there are bosses and workers, it is more something at the crossing between a highly trained space station crew and a community market. The factory is owned by everyone, and everyone must learn and know how it works, how to behave, how are the procedures. There is no special visitors area. When you visit the factory, you must adopt the same rules as everyone else.

Finally, the projects also adopts a passive attitude, trying to minimize its presence on this magnificent site, and provide a structure for more advanced experiments, like solar energy generation, recycling, researching or computer teaching. The last module of the project is the life-support module, which provides accommodation for resident factory workers as well as prestigious guests like students, scientists or chocolate experts.






in categories  architecture  projects  works  3d  permalink:  106   posted on 29.07.2014 2:29
From Yorik

Prefeitura de Belo Horizonte



verso em portugus aqui



This is a project we did for a competition for the new city hall of Belo Horizonte (Brazil). It didn't win (The link shows the winning entries), but we are pretty happy about the project anyway. The full presentation boards are at the bottom of this article, as well as the blender model. Below is the explication text and some of the images from the boards.

A hyphen at city scale





The main idea of this proposal is a project that works like a big hyphen, joining two different urban systems that until now were totally disconnected because of the intense road network that occupies the boundary area: the regular grid of the city centre and the Lagoinha neighbourhood. The connection of these two parts also symbolically reunifies the entire city with its centre.

To function as a hyphen, it is necessary for the project to overflow its boundaries. It needs to invade its direct surroundings to "reach" the parts to be reunited.



This expansion out of the limits of the terrain, this physical movement made by the project to connect the parts of the city, generates a public space that is multiple and complex. When the building physically encompasses the bus terminal, links to the Praa do Peixe with the footbridge, creates an exhibition space on he boundary, and allows the public to circulate on the gardens created by the project, it brings people to gather on the main square, which also offers access to the metro and the future bus terminal.

It is at this confluence of paths, at the intersection between spaces that they also amplify, and create a synergy of different people, and the energy coming from these encounters strengthens these very spaces, and gives them a bigger meaning in the whole city.



Primum non nocere





Or "before anything else, not make things worse", is the first principle of bioethics taught to new physicians, part of the Hippocratic Oath. It is also one of the main concepts of this proposal. The place of the project, in the middle of a high concentration of roads and viaducts, became the centre of a vast area damaged by consecutive operations, each one apparently made with the aim of solving the problem caused by the previous ones.



This proposal breaks this vicious circle and sees its surroundings as a fragile but functional situation. Therefore, it does not modify any vehicle circulation, included inside the project area. It only creates multiple, thin pedestrian links with its immediate surroundings, opening breaches that foment small events around the project, and incentives, like acupuncture, the public to deviates from its path and take possession of the space.

Bioclimatism and sustentability





The main concept behind the constructive system of the administrative centre is to provide an impeccable bioclimatic behaviour, not so much based on high-tech technology, expensive and in many cases origins of new problems, but rather on classical and simple techniques, like double facade, open concrete elements, cross ventilation and the correct positioning of the building itself.

The use of electrical energy is reduced to the minimum, as much for lighting (all facades have complete openings, from floor to ceiling, without the need for reflexive glass), as especially for climate control (natural ventilation possible in the whole building, with ventilated facades and local control by the users (by simply opening or closing parts of the window frames).



The big portion of green space reclaimed by the removal of the parking space and part of its underground, as the many areas covered with green roofs, raise drastically the rainwater absorption capacity of the plot and also help to lower the temperature. The addition of new vegetation, including big sized, reinforces the fragmented vegetation network of the immediate surroundings, and turns what was a concrete slab into a green space.

Complex facades





The facades are built on a double skin system, using techniques that are common in Brazil: the internal skin is made with common framework, from floor to ceiling, and can be partially or totally opened. The external skin is made of hollowed concrete elements of different sizes. These elements also support vegetation ,that hangs to the outside of the building through them.

The external skin filters and prevents sun rays to strike directly inside work spaces, but leaves direct views totally open for who is inside the building. The inner skin gives the users a precise and localised control over natural ventilation, thanks to the different ways to open the windows. It also features a flexible positioning permitting variations on the floor plans, which leaves interesting residual spaces that are used for resting and gathering.

The facades, viewed from the outside, works as a mirror, or a gigantic photography of the urban surrounding as it stands today: the placement of the different types of concrete elements is defined by the silhouette of the surroundings (skyline) projected onto the facades. A mathematical algorithm distributes the elements along this silhouette.



By unique circumstance, this skyline also provides exactly and rigorously the bioclimatic standard suitable for this situation. The facades that are oriented to the South, that receive little direct sunlight, are more open, because in that direction are many high buildings. The north faces, that receive more sun, are more open, with the surroundings in that direction composed almost exclusively of small constructions.

These hollowed elements also have a strong link with the modernist identity of the city of Belo Horizonte, but in this case they are used in a more contemporary and parametric way.

The facades of 1st to 4th floors, in contrast, because they are much better protected from the sun by their elevation and orientation, and also because they are closer to the public, are treated in a very different and resolutely contemporary way, with glass an metal. This also provides more transparency between the street and the interior.

Ecology and education



Finally, the unrestricted access to the gardens for workers and the general public and the transformation of damaged areas into effectively reusable green spaces allows to personally experiment the different techniques used, like the double skin or the green roofs. This gives the project an important educative function, based on the personal experience of the users.

The building and its surroundings



Another main axis of this proposal is the way the building adjusts itself to the city. The new administrative centre is an organ that serves the city, and, because of this, cannot supplant it. The building must bow to it, be included into the city, so it offers to the populations benefits that are not only social and political, but also architectural and urban.

This way, the building does not get higher than any other, opens space for the central square, and pushes itself to one side of the terrain, peering only above Avenida Afonso Pena, to liberate the vision to the neighbouring historical heritage, bends its facade to maintain vision axes from Rua Saturnino de Brito, and stretches in the direction of the Praa do Peixe, creating a new visual mark for who is travelling toward the city centre, coming from the highways. All these movements are the result of the search for integration and magnification of the public space as a whole.

The structure



The general structure of the building, although simple and classical (a grid of concrete columns and an array of beams that can be of concrete or metallic, and concrete slabs), introduces an obvious difficulty, which is the passing of the columns through the existing building of the bus terminal. This difficulty, however, is mostly compensated by the fact that the new metro line below the terrain already forces the use of very deep foundations.

Because of that deepness, the area of influence of these foundations is a lot deeper than the foundations of the bus terminal, which are above the metro tunnel. The columns of the new building have therefore no structural influence on the existing building. Both systems cross each other, each one sitting on its own layer. There are in the world many examples of similar problems solved with success, such as the Hearst Building in New York or the Exchange Building in Vancouver.

The drilling of the roof of the bus terminal, to allow the columns to pass through, is a localised, minimal operation, easy to solve technically.

Because of its simplicity, the proposed structural system of this project also has much flexibility. Instead of the 3-columns grid, a 2-columns solution can be studied, and the spacing adapted to the existing foundations, to avoid interference.

Additional structural reinforcements are possible in different points of the project, for example to allow bigger cantilevers, like at the north extremity of the administrative building.

The bus terminal



The proposed project and the treatment it gives to the existing building of the bus terminal deviate from the classical and rigid attitudes usually taken when dealing with historical heritage buildings. Those are frequently considered sacred and untouchable, even if this causes them to loose all their life. This project favours a more dynamic integration that incorporates it to a system, and gives it a new life.

The building of the bus terminal becomes, in this proposal, integrated to a system formed by the administrative centre, by the large public areas, and by the square that takes the place of the old parking space. The architectural value of the bus terminal, as well as the other heritage buildings around, is gains visibility from the contrast with the other parts, and its impact in the city is raised because of the prominent position it keeps in this proposal.

The necessary physical intervention needed by this proposal, the drilling of some of the elements of the roof to permit the passage of the support columns of the administrative centre, is minimal. It has almost no visual impact and leaves intact the reading and understanding of the architectural system of the bus terminal.

Even with this contrasted juxtaposition, the new administrative building shows a special care for the existing building: it never invades it, it rather integrates it by touching it lightly. It is a translation in architectural language of the word respect.

Extension of the public sphere





One of the main focus points of this proposal is the broad public access to the premises. Even if most of the program is private, this projects tries to widely expand the offer of interesting and quality public space at this point of the city.

Apart from the existing access to the bus terminal, the general public also earns accesses to the main square, on the current parking lot, which provides further access to the rest of the project: the ground floor, which houses the reception and services to the citizen, and the "hanging gardens" formed by the green roofs above the inferior floors (1 to 4). Some specific functions of the building, like the auditorium, can also be accessed directly from the outside, when necessary, using the many stairs and escalators that cross the gardens.

The upper roof deck of the building provides a sky garden, a sightseeing point over the Lagoinha neighbourhood and the northern part of the city. It is also accessible by the public, via a dedicated panoramic elevator.

The footbridge that binds the administrative centre to the Praa do Peixe and the exhibitions space, crossing above the roof of the bus terminal, provides the unique experience to discover an architectural heritage building from an unnatural and impressive point of view.



This proposal also tries to create more links between the city inhabitants and the location of the project, with new pedestrian paths, inserted below the viaducts, connecting islands and blocks in a big network that spreads from the smaller squares and enlargements that already exist in the surroundings of the project.











Also check the blender model or the FreeCAD model if you want a closer look!

in categories  architecture  idsampa  projects  permalink:  23   posted on 11.02.2014 2:12
From Yorik

Reuso dos recuos



Uma dessas coisas pssimas que fazem as construtoras de prdios de alto padro, quando conseguem juntar vrios terrenos, descartar as frentes de rua que no so a entrada principal. Resultado, como aqui (rua Augusta, a altura do n 852, fundo de um prdio na rua Bela Cintra n 201), temos uma fachada de fundos, no usada, sem acesso, com um paredo cego que tentaram "mascarar" com uma pintura bizarra, que abriga 4 ou 5 andares de estacionamento (fazer estacionamento assim muitssimo mais barato que enterrado, no preciso explicar mais). Como o cdigo de obras probe ter fachadas cegas a rua assim, os autores do projeto provavelmente acharam essa faanha de recuar a fachada para o projeto ser aprovado.



O tipo de soluo que adotou este prdio altamente txica para a rua. Ela cria um "buraco negro", um espao onde ningum mora, ningum entra e sai, e na frente do qual, instintivamente, voc no gosta de passar a noite. Este pedao de rua Augusta, literalmente foi morto. Uma rua deve ficar viva, isso que garante toda a qualidade dela, a segurana, o tecido social, etc. Devem ter pessoas que moram la, e gente que no mora ali mas que vem aproveitar das coisas que tem ali, por exemplo comprar coisas. Isso basicamente o que ensina Jane Jacobs. Em frente a essa fachada no acontecem nenhuma dessas atividades. morta.

Pensei que poderamos facilmente reaproveitar esses espaos. Tem ali 4 ou 5 metros de profundidade, teria como fazer um enorme quantidade de coisas num espao assim. Os moradores do prdio, que, com certeza, estaro pagando prestaes salgadas durante os prximos 20 ou 30 anos, veriam com bons olhos uma possvel atividade ali, que daria uma renda ao condomnio sem incomodar eles. Imaginei uma construo, feita de containers metlicos reusados, que poderia abrigar uma loja, ou um caf, um restaurante, um espao cultural, ou outras atividades do mesmo gnero. A construo toda ficaria descolada do cho, de maneira a manter sua permeabilidade.



Esse tipo de soluo transformaria facilmente um ato nocivo para a rua em ato favorvel, e em vez de ter paredes na rua, teramos gente que entra e sai, que conversa, que d uma olhada na calada a noite, etc. Alm disso, os lugares feitos de containers so extremamente legais. Veja por exemplo a famosa loja Freitag em Zrich e vrios outros (tem um famoso em So Paulo tambm).

in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  387   posted on 11.12.2013 18:36
From Yorik

Yaroslavl Spartacus Alive competition





This is a proposal for the Yaroslavl Spartacus Alive architecture competition, that asked for solutions for a very nice and strategic spot in the middle of the historical and UNESCO-protected city of Yaroslavl in Russia. Our proposal didn't win, although it got shortlisted and is selected for the Yaroslavl Architecture Biennale.



THE CONCEPT





The arena is left almost entirely to its current function: An open space, fit for sports, recreation, shows, and any other spontaneous use that may arise. There, three new buildings are added: two above ground, for exhibitions of any type, and one underground, for archaeological exhibitions.

Additionally, with the creation of a grid of art and entertainment points (sculptures, architectural follies, art installations, etc...) the arena also gains a prominent artistic role, and becomes a patch that links the two parts (north and south of the Kotorosl river) of the city.

The whole design is a free-form, adaptable system, made to be further adapted to the space demands of museum uses, and to the archaeological findings on the site.



THE ART GRID LINKING THE CITY





The new arena marks the end of the historic centre with an art and entertainment grid which spreads on the park and the river making a link between the northern and southern parts of the city . This grid is made of totems made by different artists, from sculptors to painters, from architects to designers. Each one changes in form and use depending of its location.

Each totem can be an art installation or a sculpture. They can be sometimes a map which tells visitors about the city, sometimes an historic or artistic description of the site or building. Some of them can be bigger like architectural follies and to be a point of encounter: a coffee shop or a small snack bar, or an area with benches for resting, or marking a nice point of view over surrounding buildings. All of them are colored in the color of Yaroslavl: blue, to make a visual link for the people who are walking around the city.

These totems act like a group of blue fingers emerging from the center of the arena site and telling people what is nice to see and do in Yaroslavl. As doing this the grid transforms the new arena in the core of a link between the two sides of the river.

THE HISTORICAL LINK AND CURRENT USES





The new arena covers and spreads around archaeological remnants, but the new buildings are projected to adapt their forms to the historical site and the archaeological findings. They aren't built into the ravine, they just hover above it. In case of new archaeological findings, the walls and floors can become windows, showcasing the archaeological assets, or deform, to accommodate what is found below.

The underground building is made mainly for archaeological exhibitions.

The two buildings above ground are totally multi-functional, and can hold cultural events, temporary exhibitions or museum collections.

These two buildings are united by a huge square where people can gather for a match, a coffee, an exhibition or just a talk. The project keeps the new arena area as an encounter space and preserves the sportive soul of the place, respecting its current uses and major function in the city.

The square is easily transformed in a big concert area, extended by the walkable roofs. The roofs are painted by the green and flowered areas that are extensions of the parks that surround the arena.

The ensemble of these buildings and grids makes a great blend, combining all kinds of activities like art, sports, history and shows in the same place. This mixture is essential to keep the animation, occupying the area during the whole year and spawning all other kind of spontaneous activities.

The interaction of these activities creates a synergy between them: at the same time people who are invited to the formal exhibitions can be part of the spontaneous activities. People spending time around the square, looking for some grid installation or participating to some sportive event can be potential public for the more formal activities.

So it creates an endless recurrent invitation, generating and supporting the life of the place, which can only exist if it gathers many users.


in categories  architecture  projects  freecad  permalink:  386   posted on 11.12.2013 18:09
From Yorik

Florianopolis Mercado Pblico competition





This is a competition project for the public market of Florianpolis, Brazil. The program asked for a solution to cover the central open space of the market, an historical building located in the center of the city. Unfortunately (but quite expected) our proposal didn't win (winners here), but who has a sharp eye can see we made it to the final designs somehow



Our proposal is inspired by theater scenography, with a visual identity that is very different from the surrounding architecture, so it becomes unique and significant, and also achieves the reversibility and retractablility required by the project.

Composed by 30 mobile metallic panels (each one 4.30m by 8.15m) connected by a central metallic structure, it is thought as a decentralized roofing system, where each part can be moved manually, individually or in trios, by the market vendors.



Each part can be activated by individual crank systems, and can be elevated at an angle between 25 to almost 90 degrees. Between these two, any position is possible, resulting in a rich diversity of combinations, light and shadow situations and ventilation behaviours.

The manual operation is possible through a system of counterweights, placed in the central part of the structure, which allow a person of normal weight to operate it with relative facility. A pair of locks allows to fix each panel in a certain position and turn it resistant to winds.

When all the 30 panels are down, they cover almost 100% of the central open area.





Total water-tightness is not an objective of this proposal. The draining of rainwater is made from the central part of the new structure, while the panels extend above the existing roof, without touching it. This way, while gathering its own water, the roof leaves small vertical openings at its border, between the panels, and between the roof and the accesses. These openings allow a basic quantity of natural light to get through, even when the roof is fully closed.



When fully open, the roof keeps the central space totally open in almost all of its area. To take advantage of the constant and random play of light and shadow that the metallic panels can provide, we decided not to use any transparent part.

This way, with the movement of the panels, each market vendor becomes an active creator of the everyday variation of visual atmosphere that the new roof will provide on the public market.



Full competition panels are available here, and the FreeCAD file here.

in categories  inthepress  architecture  projects  permalink:  366   posted on 04.11.2013 20:33
From Yorik

Costa do Ip na revista "Mar"



O nosso projeto para o shopping Costa do Ip saiu na revista Mar, editada por Marc e Slvia, os idealizadores do shopping:













OPINIO DOS ARQUITETOS


Um projeto generoso com a cidade de Marlia e seus moradores. assim que os arquitetos Yorik van Havre e Mara Zasso definem o Costa do Ip Parque Shopping

HUMANO, INUSITADO E SUSTENTVEL


Esperamos que a arquitetura provoque e desperte sensaes nos frequentadores

Yorik van Havre e Mara Zasso

A dupla de arquitetos ele belga, ela gacha, ambos radicados h seis anos em So Paulo teve como inspirao uma srie de referncias, em especial, o modernismo paulista. Ns gostamos muito do contraste entre o concreto e as plantas, como se via muito na arquitetura modernista paulista, diz Yorik.

Nas fachadas do centro comercial, os arquitetos incorporaram telas maleveis que recebem trepadeiras que formam cortinas verdes, criando um horizonte verde tanto para quem est trabalhando nas lojas quanto para quem est visitando o lugar. Encontrar uma cortina verde causa uma surpresa muito positiva e acolhedora para as pessoas., ressalta Mara.

Esse princpio orgnico que rege todo o empreendimento est presente tambm na ocupao da rea total, que segue uma escala humana e acolhedora. Os quatro volumes ocuparo apenas 6 mil de uma rea total de 20 mil metros quadrados de terreno. No chegamos nem perto do limite mximo de ocupao. Dessa maneira temos um baixo impacto para a cidade. Tambm no haver estacionamento subterrneo e , assim, teremos pouca movimentao de terra conta o belga Yorik.

Praas e jardins, que abrigam restaurantes ao ar livre tambm servem de espao para apresentaes de msica e encontros. A ideia que as pessoas caminhem livremente por entre os prdios. H um percurso a ser descoberto, com elementos surpresa entre as reas. Por exemplo, no planejamos uma nica praa de alimentao, mas sim bares e restaurantes espalhados pelo complexo, explica Mara. O shopping se revela como um ponto de encontro, um lugar com potencial para uma vida interessante e no apenas um centro de compras. Esperamos que a arquitetura provoque e desperte sensaes nos frequentadores, complementa a arquiteta gacha.

Texto: Simone Fonseca

Foto: Ludovic Carme


in categories  idsampa  architecture  projects  permalink:  324   posted on 11.09.2013 24:01
From Yorik

Proposta para o Parque Augusta



Esta uma proposta para um terreno muito controverso em So Paulo, conhecido como parque Augusta. Esta proposta no foi pedida por ningum, nem destinada a ningum. apenas uma viso nossa, que compartilhamos.

Existem grandes interesses comerciais e corporativos em cima desse terreno, por causa do seu tamanho e da sua excelente localizao (perto do centro, perto da rua Augusta, perto da avenida Paulista). Do outro lado, existe um movimento popular j bem organizado tentando transformar esta rea em parque pblico.



A briga por esse terreno j bem antiga, no blog acima e nos outros sites que ele indica tem bastante material sobre o assunto. Aqui est o que pensamos a respeito:

1. O terreno tem uma enorme rea coberta com rvores antigas, que deve sem nenhuma dvida ser preservada. Um pedao de mata como esse em pleno centro de So Paulo valioso demais para a cidade e por isso deve ser usado por todos.

2. Confiar em alguma empresa para proteger essa rea altamente arriscado, mesmo obrigando ela a proteger a vegetao (o que j o caso). muito fcil eles contornarem a lei e removerem pedacinhos acidentalmente, sobretudo visto que cada metro quadrado construvel tem um valor muito alto.

3. A localizao boa para empreendimentos imobilirios, mas no muito boa para um parque. A razo principal que tem muito poucas pessoas circulando em volta dele, pouco comrcio e ruas quase desertas (fora a rua Augusta, claro).

4. J existem vrios espaos pblicos muito bons muito perto (praa Roosevelt, praa Dom Jos Gaspar). A praa Roosevelt recentemente passou por uma reforma que achamos exemplar, e o risco muito alto de prejudicar a nova vida dela.

5. Querer que a prefeitura assuma (desaproprie) o terreno para que ele vire um parque no nos parece muito sustentvel... Cada vez que temos um problema na cidade vamos precisar da interveno divina do prefeito? Um pedao de cidade deveria poder evoluir no bom sentido sem precisar de uma operao mdica para mant-lo vivo.

6. O principal problema das empresas que enxergam esse terreno como uma montanha de dinheiro. Elas pensam: imaginem quantos mil metros quadrados poderiamos construir ali. Portanto, ningum est interessado em construir algo pequeno. Porque se contentar com uns trocados quando se pode obter milhes? Agora, se o tamanho mximo de construo fosse fixado por lei em algo muito baixo (por exemplo, que se possa contruir em at 20% do terreno), o mximo possvel no seria mais esses milhes, e esses trocados no pareceriam assim to pouco...

7. Todo o fundo do terreno um campus da PUC. Se tivesse um acesso entre a PUC e o terreno, permitiria que as pessoas pudessem atravessar at a avenida da Consolao, o que mudaria muito a situao, e um parque comearia a se tornar vivel.



Esta proposta nossa baseada em isso tudo. Pensamos que essa rea deve sim virar um parque, e deve ser pblico. Mas tambm deve se virar sozinho e ser bem diferente da praa Roosevelt, para no competir com ela.

Propomos dividir: destinamos uma rea (tracejado vermelho abaixo), de 25 metros de largura, junto rua Augusta, deixando uma calada bem larga. Somente nessa rea seria possvel construir, permitindo uma ou outra excepo, por exemplo, para alguma funo que no caberia em 25 metros, como uma sala de espetculo ou um cinema. Os blocos construidos podem conter qualquer coisa, e ter qualquer forma, e seriam baixos (no mximo 3 ou 4 andares).



O verde escuro, no desenho acima, a vegetao existente. O verde claro seria complementado, e permitiria fazer vrias experincias ecolgicas. O impacto construdo seria mnimo, mas suficiente para gerar renda, para que alguma empresa decida construir o projeto. Shopping malls com este tamanho existem em todo lugar, o que prova que pode ser lucrativo sim.



Provavelmente So Paulo no precisa de mais um shopping mall, portanto imaginamos algo mais complexo: Uma mistura, um empilhamento de todo tipo de funes: Uma maioria de lojas, claro ( dali que viria a renda do empreendedor, e a rua Augusta uma rua muito comercial), mas ali tambm poderiam caber hubs (como este), oficinas e salas no estilo da casa de Cultura Digital, uma creche ou escolinha (tinha uma quase na frente, que foi demolida), uma sala de espetculos/auditrio/cinema que possa ser alugada (aparentemente essas salas fazem muita falta em So Paulo), ou qualquer atividade pblica que a prefeitura possa querer por na regio (caso eles se empolguem tanto que queiram participar do projeto, quem sabe).

O importante que sejam funes que tragam pessoas para o parque e ao mesmo tempo se beneficiem das pessoas que estiverem l, criando uma sinergia entre a parte de parque e a parte construida. Essa a justificativa principal dessa proposta.



Essa proposta certamente no tem nada de revolucionrio. Alias, uma soluo bastante simples e comum. Mas s vezes elas funcionam muito bem...

Mas existem certamente muitas outras ideias diferentes. Um presente bem legal para esse terreno, seria um concurso de arquitetura, onde todos pudessem propor ideias. Com certeza, solues muitissimo interessantes sairiam de l.

Enquanto isso, o material que elaboramos nesta proposta est disponvel aqui (arquivo do Gimp), com licena Creative Commons. Tem tambm uma verso pdf deste artigo aqui. Remixe, acrescente a sua, e no deixe de por as suas crticas nos comentrios!

in categories  works  architecture  projects  detail  permalink:  215   posted on 18.02.2013 16:37
From Yorik

Costa do Ip base project





We finally finished the intermediary part of the Costa do Ip project, which is used to submit the project to authorities for approval, and will also be used by other designers involved in the project to do their work. All the work was done by a 3-person team (myself, Mara and our friend Dani, and I am pleased to say a good 60% of it was done on linux platforms. The software used (surely some will ask ) was mainly Blender, FreeCAD and Draftsight.

We are very happy with the result, it represented a lot of work, and is going very much in the direction we wished, thanks principally to the excellent relationship and mutual understanding we have with the owners and masterminds of the project, Slvia and Marc. The project itself is getting more and more stripped down to its bare function of "life support", which reduces the overall cost (no expensive material, no unnecessary elements) and widens the possibilities of adaptation and evolution (all the vegetation design and the "shading plan" has been left for posterior phases and those are now totally independent of the building structure).

All the project is thought as a low-impact intervention, at economical, social, environmental and urban levels. It relies a lot on pedestrian and public transport transit, offers a large public space, has reduced physical footprint on the terrain, is planned to have a very low energy consumption, reuse most of its water, and to evolve and adapt itself to whatever the socioeconomic situation will require in the next decades... But best of all, and this was thought right from the start by Slvia and Marc, it is a public space first, before being a shopping mall... There is little doubt that it will be quite successful given the current local socioeconomic situation, but the priorities are in the inverse order as you usually see in similar projects, and it is really thrilling to see happening what might be a completely new way to think and do such projects...













3D images and a video of the projects are available, as well as more information about the design itself.

in categories  projects  architecture  permalink:  83   posted on 29.11.2012 19:44
From Yorik

a House for Grgoire and Lvia


A couple of preliminary ideas for the house of Grgoire and Lvia. The whole argumentation can be read in this pdf document (in portuguese).

The base idea is to separate the house into simple components, so different techniques can be used for each of them, turning the house completely material-independent. This way several bioconstruction options can be studied and used, depending on the local availability, without compromising the whole project.

The project also tries to achieve adequate bioclimatic behaviour and provide the best possible natural airflow, and tends to offer, inside a very simple space, a complex array of uses and grouping, by playing with lots of different levels and blurring the interior/exterior relationships.
























in categories  works  detail  3d  projects  permalink:  28   posted on 09.03.2012 16:44
From Yorik

Factory design


A proposal for a factory we recently did with arch Mrio Francisco. The project is now on the rails and we're doing the execution documents. More to come...

















More detalis and execution drawings here.

in categories  works  projects  architecture  3d  permalink:  159   posted on 06.11.2011 19:13
From Yorik

Costa do Ip Parque Shopping




This is the first part of our project for an open-air shopping mall in the city of Marilia, in the interior of So Paulo state, Brazil. The localization of the project is outside of the central commercial area of the city, in a fast-growing residencial area. The clients, being designers themselves, approached us with an already very developed idea of what they needed and wanted, and cleaver views on the project development and viabilization.



Explaining the project is actually very simple, it has shops on the ground floor, with an "entrance" open court designed to host bars and restaurants that can stay open late, and an upper floor with has a big deck with restaurants, and offices which are not accessible to the public, so you must pass through a recepcion to access them. A centtral "circulation hub" connects everything with a ramp and a possible elevator.



We almost immediately settled on a dynamic, open solution, that tried to be the contrary of a classical shopping mall: instead of surrounding a circulation area with a box made of shops, we tried to make people surround the shops, allowing them to "occupy" the place. As a result, a very wide variety of "places" emerged from the project, each one with a different quality. You have small, intimate spaces, bigger open gardens, little corners between 2 courts, coffee-breaks in the middle of your shopping parcours, roof terraces, decks, bridges, etc. All made to be public or semi-public, all easy to be "owned" by the public.
Another quality that rose from the exploded configuration is the very dynamic character of the project and its many anchors to the surroundings. It has many entrances, many connections, and, although the spatial organization might seem cahotic, very fluid circulation paths.



The buildings themselves are very simple by intent. We are trying to keep the general budget as low and under control as possible, to be able to spend money on specific items, such as the metallic parts or the vegetation, and because we and the clients all have a same desire to prove that we can do quality spaces with a low budget. We also tried to make the project leave the smallest possible footprint on its environment.

The project also tries to be very flexible. The proportion of offices and shops is not fixed and will depend on the investors, so any section of offices can be converted into shops or vice-versa without any further project modification, and the shops and office can have about any size, all the closing elements being modular.

Architects: uncreated.net Client: Zeus ltda















See also:

in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  130   posted on 27.07.2011 15:48
From Yorik

Gowanus canal competition


This is our entry for the Gowanus canal competition.



Give passage

Give access to your roof or your grounds. The central idea is to allow pedestrian circulation on all the intervention area, together with a significant augmentation of green areas. Pedestrians will be able to transit through these parcels, as if it was a big park with different levels.

The parcels in the intervention area continue as private properties of their respective owners, the difference is that they allow pedestrian transit. The urban blocks will only be defined by their bording streets, while pedestrians will be able to cross them in diverse ways. Acces can be permitted in several forms: through gardens or parking lots, through ground floors or through flat roofs.

The owner of an area can choose which alternative to use, providing the whole vertical projection of the parcel as accessable pedestrian way. Areas above roofs will be accessable by stairs, elevators and bridges and will serve as gardens and squares for the surrounding communities. Empty areas on parcels should offer at least 60% green area, the rest covered with interlocked pavement, always accessable to pedestrians.

If you are an owner, you can choose for example to use the ground floor of your building as a commercial area with shops, making it accessable 24h/day, or make a garden.

You can also transform the roof of your buildingin a square, a reading or leisure space. You can bind your roofgarden to another one with a footbridge over the street, so people can cross it without confronting the cars. There are a lot of possible combinations.

The whole objective of this proposal is to offer a bigger public green area without transforming the canal surroundings in a big empty park. Everything continues to function like before, but with more green, less walls, and more walkpath for people.

With the increase of green and permeable area, this project acts as a complement to the sponge park project, and since green roofs help a lot in retaining rainwater, reduces greatly the overload of the sewer system during heavy rains.

Giving free access to community residents through parcels, this projects helps to turn the area more secure and alive, creating a sense of community of an unique quality.





in categories  3d  projects  permalink:  114   posted on 09.07.2011 16:32
From Yorik
A little preview of what we are working on at the moment...


in categories  projects  architecture  3d  works  permalink:  105   posted on 29.06.2011 15:14
From Yorik

51




This is a project we recently made with Sander and Angelica for the factory of cachaa 51, the largest and probably the most famous cachaa manufacturer worldwide. They are currently spread over several buildings in town and wanted a new building that would gather all administrative functions in one place, close to the main factory facilicy.

The main idea is to create a dialog with the existing reservoirs on the factory site. Those reservoirs contain the different ingredients used to make cachaa and other byproducts. They are a very important mark in the landscape, and have even become a touristic attraction in the city.

We also proposed a building that is symbolically strongly bound to the 51 brand. The number 51 appears everywhere in the project. The building is made of 6 blocks of 3 floors, connected by bridges inside a central atrium. The construction system is simple, the "cubes" can be made with a wide range of techniques, from steelframe to classical concrete structure, and the atrium has very small spans.

The central atrium connects everything in the building, and is the main space that visitors discover when they enter the facility. It has an interior garden, a "street bar", a museum, and all the bridges used to transit from a block to another. The functions inside the building are spread from the most public, right next to the entrance, to the most private, up the third floor.

On the terrain, behind the building, are also a new parking lot and a garden, and a pedestrian path that connects the administrative building to the factory.

























The .blend file is available here.

in categories  orange  opensource  projects  permalink:  10   posted on 11.01.2011 20:15
From Yorik

My animation project for this year: the Orange project


I've been thinking of a project to do this year, that would teach me something new, be small enough so I can carry it alone in the few free moments I have outside work and my other projects, and that I would be able to document completely from start to finish, including steps, difficulties found, and a try at cost/time estimation, so the experience can benefit others.

And today as I was walking in town I imagined this small scenario, that would fit perfectly in that scope. It might be simplish, but the idea is to have something small enough so I'm sure I can finish it. I'll turn it into a 2D, classical-style animation, that I'll do as always 100% with open-source software (mypaint, gimp and inkscape for sure, probably synfig too, although I'll need to train a bit with it first). I'll also try to do the soundtrack and music. The whole animation should last about 15 seconds. I'll call it provisorily "orange", in honour to the blender institute

I estimate the time to complete to a couple of months, but depending on the available time it could very well extend to a year or so. The next steps will be to build a good planning of the tasks that need to be done, beginning with rewriting a more extended scenario, drawing a storyboard and creating a spreadsheet to keep track of the time spent on this (until now about 2h to think the story, but that's just luck, and 1/2h to write this post. I'll try my best to register anything I do with this project here (I'll create a shortcut link too to access it directly).

The synopsis


On a dark, desert, moon-like planet, a tribe of alien-like humanoids armed with primitive weapons is gathered as for attacking another army. On the other side, one single man, dressed with army space suit. He then presses a button on his sleeve-integrated PDA. Immediately, several spaceships that were hanging above the scene open their bellies and drop a sea of bombs. The bombs lock themselves on the yellow eyes of the aliens. The man grins, revealing a gold tooth. The last scene shows all the bombs changing their direction, after acquiring the new target...

So that's it for now, I just hope this is neither too stupid nor too ambitious, I suppose we'll see quickly how good an idea it was. Wish me luck!

in categories  architecture  projects  3d  permalink:  188   posted on 18.11.2010 19:49
From Yorik

Interlagos project - our proposal

We recently made an animation for a project in Interlagos. The project was made together with other architects, and it turned out quite different than our first idea, but neverthless some of the concepts went through until the final form. Here goes our own proposal, with the first sketches and a model.

The main idea was to build something light but high. Light because it has to be on top of an existing structure and the anchor points must be spread where it can, sometimes on the existing elements sometimes not, and also because all the project needs to achieve is shading and rain protection, high because it must serve as a beacon, clearly indicating the circuit's entrance point to who comes by train, bus, car, foot or even helicopter, and also because we want to be able to see under it, from the seats and paddocks spread along the circuit.

The new structure itself is obviously still very sketchy in these images, but the main idea is to use the three staircases as big columns, making large arms on top of them, that support the main part of the weight. The rest spreads over thin columns, that fall where they can on the existing building.















And here goes a 3D model view. The file is a bit incomplete due to the changes of directions the project took later but it can still give you an idea:


Use left and right keyboard arrows to rotate. You need to install the burster plugin to view this

in categories  works  projects  sketches  permalink:  130   posted on 29.08.2010 21:17
From Yorik

Multi-use occupation

A small (not so small actually, it's more or less half a million m) project I've been working on these days... Unfortunately, as usual, my idea didn't interest people much, and the final drawings ended up as you can see below. Anyway, here they are for your viewing pleasure...








in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  88   posted on 13.06.2010 16:18
From Yorik
Open Mall shopping project - the files

This is a shopping mall project we made recently. All the composition was made by hand sketching and directly in 3D. We received from the client a basic layout with the gross areas of shops, offices and parking, and mounted the project on top of it. Since it is a first idea that the client wanted in order to "win" the project, we then focued on producing images that would convey the general "feel" of the project, instead of solving each and every detail, but that's hopefully for a next phase.











The final images are in the next post, and for who is even more interested, the blend file is available here...

in categories  projects  architecture  permalink:  66   posted on 09.05.2010 16:16
From Yorik
Rodoshopping

An older shopping project we sketched in 2008 that I wanted to repost... It never went further than this very preliminary stage...













in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  36   posted on 19.03.2010 20:21
From Yorik
Frei Caneca competition project



This is our proposal for the Frei Caneca street reurbanization competition in So Paulo. The project was made with Mara, Sander and Angelica. Given the extreme diversity of people, uses and social contexts of the Frei Caneca, we choosed not to make a project, which would dictate its rules over very different people and situations, and would make the street "beg" for the project execution to the authorities.
Instead, we designed a bottom-up system where everyone can propose, rate and execute small "micro-projects". No masterplan, no fundraising, no approval, no architect. If everybody does his part, wonderful. If only one does, the street has already gained improvement.

You don't make a street work better because you change the pavement and the trashbins... It has almost no importance at all. A street is made of people who live there and people who use the street, and what makes a street a nice street is the intricate relationship between all of them. for who is interested in the subject, read the fantastic book of Jane Jacobs, "The Death and Life of Great American Cities". She said (in 1961) many, many things that apply perfectly to So Paulo (and many other cities around the world)...








in categories  architecture  works  projects  sketches  permalink:  273   posted on 31.10.2009 15:38
From Yorik
Esboos para uma casa

Aqui est uma proposta de casa que fiz com a Mara um tempo atrs. Est baseada nos seguintes conceitos:
  1. No h necessidade de construir 4 pavimentos, como pedido inicialmente. O terreno bastante grande (760m) para poder fazer algo mais baixo.
  2. Nos pareceu melhor adotar uma configurao de "pteo" (os cmodos em volta de um jardim central) em vez de "torre" (os cmodos empilhados), porque daqui alguns anos tero vizinhos e as fachadas da casa estaro olhando para as paredes dos vizinhos, e tambm para aproveitar melhor o terreno grande e o belo paisagismo que daria para fazer nele.
  3. Na regio nordeste, devido ao calor, os cmodos mais agradveis so os que ficam adossados ao solo, porque a inrcia do solo mantm o frescor. Nos parece melhor usar esses lugares privilegiados para quartos do que para carros.
  4. O pteo pode virar um tipo de "vale verde", formando taludes com a terra retirada das escavaes, reaproveitando ela.
  5. Trabalhando em meio-nveis, a gente consegue um projeto muito paisagstico com pouqussimas escadas e que fica muito baixo (a cota mxima est em 4.50m em relao rua)
Fizemos ento alguns desenhos de uma soluo que imaginamos para a casa:



Este uma vista geral da proposta. Botamos muito foco na vegetao, porque o terreno grande e representa uma oportunidade muito boa de fazer um projeto muito integrado natureza. Os blocos que contem os diferentes cmodos so protegidos por lajes ou telhados verdes, e tudo se abre para dentro, em volta de um "vale verde" central. Os carros ficam simplesmente abrigados em baixo de uma cobertura, liberando os espaos mais interessantes para usos melhores.



A imagem acima mostra a implantao (a rua est a esquerda). 1 a entrada dos carros, 2 o "vale verde", 3 a aba principal, 4 a cobertura para os carros



A imagem acima mostra a entrada, a cobertura para os carros (que pode ser leve, metlica ou madeira), e no fundo, a entrada da casa. Atras da cobertura dos carros aparece a "torre" com a sute principal



Acima est a planta do trreo. 1 o estacionamento coberto para 4 carros, 2 contm rea de servio, lavabo, etc, 3 uma cozinha semi-fechada que d no 4, sala de jantar e 5, sala de estar. Todos esses espaos esto na cota 0, ou seja no nvel da rua. O 6 um estar ntimo, situado meio-nvel mais baixo (cota -1.50).



Acima est a planta do andar superior, situado na cota +1.50 (meio-nvel para cima). O nico espao a este nvel a sute principal (5). As janelas ficam em cima das coberturas 3 e 4, que podem tambm ser telhados verdes (alias, isso providenciaria uma isolao trmica fantstica)



Este a planta do subsolo (nvel -1 em relao rua, ou +/- cota -2.50). 1, 3, 4 e 5 so quartos, 2 so banheiros e 6 um espao aberto de convivncia. Se chega aqui passando pela sala ntima (n6 na planta do trreo). Todos os espaos esto abertos para o "vale verde" e nenhum quarto olha diretamente num outro quarto. Os banheiros recebem luz e ventilao pelo teto (eles esto um pouco fora da projeo dos pavimentos superiores)



Este a vista do "vale verde", com a sala intima + sute principal a esquerda, o bloco principal com quartos, cozinha, salas de jantar e estar a direita. Entre os dois tero as escadas.

in categories  sketches  architecture  idsampa  projects  permalink:  226   posted on 29.09.2009 22:39
From Yorik

#idsampa 02: Transformar o minhoco em parque



Isto uma ideia bvia, que muitas outras pessoas j tiveram antes de mim, em So Paulo como em vrias outras partes do mundo. O minhoco, para quem no vive em So Paulo, um viaduto implantado de maneira totalmente catastrfica em volta do centro da cidade nos anos 70, destruindo o tecido social de vrios bairros. Hoje, forma um "atalho" entre o leste e oeste da cidade, porque permite evitar o centro. Forma, diramos, um micro-rodoanel.

A questo de saber o que aconteceria se o minhoco no existisse. Entupiria o centro da cidade, como se temia na poca em que foi criado? Eu me pergunto se ao contrrio o minhoco no induz mais circulao, e que sem ele o fluxo de carros, em vez de se descarregar nas ruas do centro da cidade, no diminuiria, simplesmente.

O que fazer com o minhoco inutilizado ento? Destru-lo seria gastar mais dinheiro em vo, ento porque no transformar ele em um parque gigantesco? O centro da cidade seria transformado, ganharia um cinto verde. Abrindo buracos e escadas, daria at para iluminar um pouco a avenida em baixo. E o prazer de circular a p e de bicicleta no minhoco no domingo, que aconselho muito provar se voc no conhece, seria permitido todos os dias.

Onde j foi feito algo similar:
  • New York: Um antiga linha de trem elevada foi reconvertida em parque suspendido

  • Singapore: O centro da cidade passou por um processo incrvel de limpeza e incentivo ecolgico, e hoje a megacidade mais "verde" do mundo.

in categories  architecture  projects  idsampa  sketches  permalink:  210   posted on 13.09.2009 17:10
From Yorik

#IDSAMPA 01: Converso das marginais em praias




Totalmente absurdo? Impossvel? Talvez... Mas nunca pensou que talvez, colocar mais 12 faixas nas marginais no vai fluidificar transito, mas simplesmente aumentar o nmero de carros nas marginais? E que os rios esto neste estado no tanto porque administraes, indstrias e cidades despejam alegremente seus esgotos dentro, mas porque, j que no possvel chegar perto, no despertam nenhum sentimento de apropriao e portanto so considerados como esgoto por todo mundo?
Portanto, talvez retirar as vias marginais, em vez de duplica-las, poderia, quem sabe, ter o efeito inverso? Talvez no ia entupir o resto das avenidas da cidade, porque ia forar os motoristas a repensar seus hbitos? Talvez ter praia em So Paulo ia ser um evento to incrvel que consiga alcanar os municpios a montante e incitar eles a tambm iniciar operaes de limpeza do rio? E quem sabe, at os iredutveis motoristas ficariam to encantados que perdoariam a retirada das marginais...

Onde j foi feito algo parecido:
  • Zrich: Pode beber gua de qualquer rio da cidade, e em toda a cidade tem decks, piscinas e outras instalaes para as pessoas poder tomar banho
  • Seoul: Limparam o rio principal da cidade, que estava num estado prximoao Tiet...
  • Paris: Fizeram um parque gigantesco (La Villette), em cima de uma rea pos-industrial totalmente desgastada.

in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  209   posted on 13.09.2009 16:29
From Yorik

OpenFort 400 competition entry



This is our entry for the OpenFort400 competition in Amsterdam. The winners were announced today, and, as half-expected, we didn't win Anyway, the project was great fun to develop. We tried basically to reflect upon density and stacking, and tried to invert the traditional development path of typical ancient european cities like Amsterdam, by introducing "infectious" spots that force urban development to react and take innovative paths, which is a role that favelas in south-american cities could have, if better understood.

Anyway, here are a couple of images of the project, enjoy! The pdf and blender files are available for your remixing pleasure.


















in categories  projects  architecture  permalink:  31   posted on 15.02.2009 17:10
From Yorik
Our last competition project: A building for the architecture faculty of the Delft University. We made the project at 3, Mara, Sander and me.



At first we thought we had absolutely no chance at all to win the project, so we'd better start on something that would serve us as an experience, instead of trying to win something. This allowed us not only to epurate completely everything of the surrounding "communication stuff", but also to explore all those interesting connections between graphics and architecture, and what comes before what.

We always use to think architecture like "we design spaces, then we draw those spaces", but of course, the very line we draw is actually very often defining, or creating a space. So we think spaces, then draw lines to draw them, and those lines create their own boundaries, and we "see" a space "we" created. In this project we got really crazy with those things, we drew things, we "saw" space in them, then drew those spaces, then the very drawing gave other, unexpected shapes and spaces, etc, etc. I don't know if there is something understandable in the result, but we had a fantastic experience and great discussions!

in categories  projects  architecture  permalink:  28   posted on 23.06.2008 18:48
From Yorik

San Isidro Housing Competition



This project for the Arquitectum San Isidro Lofts competition is a study of stacking and opening. It is an attempt to organize, in a straight and rigorous bounding box, a rich and complex life quality and social interaction. All appartments are completely unique and offer huge space differences. All have wide terraces, gardens and cross ventilation, and the whole complex provides additional common gardens and a roof deck with a swimming pool.

The vertical common circulation is thought to be the trunk that unites the whole social life of the building, by creating a serie of events, places, openings that incentivates the active use of those public spaces by the people living in the building.


















in categories  projects  architecture  permalink:  29   posted on 23.06.2008 18:46
From Yorik

Aomori Northern Style Housing Competition



S P R E A D

the heavy influence of surrounding environment, heavy street front, giant buildings and on the other side smaller-scale neighbouring life conduct life structures to invade all possible connections to light, sun, and neighbourhood buzz.

S O L A R P L A N T

extreme winter conditions turn direct sun exposure a capital point. living units are thermic captors.circulations are radiators.

P A R A D O X

contemporary city life is like being part of a movie passing at double speed. we want the possibility to place our own marks and live a contrasted life, one day in a protected cocoon, one day standing in the fresh morning wind.

B U F F E R I N G

as today strict definitions tend to fade out, do the limits between all things fragment into many layers. our human behaviour also needs high-level layering between private, common, or public activities.

S T R E E T A R T

the public level is the coralian structure where marine life develops. it supports currents, connects neighbour life to large street side and give inhabitants an intimate connection to the city. also, the public space is everybody's space. there all express, all listen, all watch.

B I O M A C H I N E

the common living environment is a metastructure for the individual body and behaviour. we're talking of heart, veins, muscles, respiration and tactile organs, skin, fat and pores.




















in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  30   posted on 23.06.2008 18:40
From Yorik

Moscow City Hall Competition

Pattern 01: Paradox

The city, the site and the human activities concerned by the project are environments in mutation. Building a project is dropping a mark in the city which will be a photo of the human landscape we are in today. The Moscow City Administrative Complex is driven by this paradox. We need to freeze something that can not be frozen. This paradox will appear in every aspect of the project. The complex breaks physical links with immediate surrounding, but grows from Moscow's mother, the Moskva river.

Pattern 02: Simplicity

The incertitude of the future, human as well as physical leads to think the structure and space as flexible, to host activities of today and tomorrow. 3 blocks in free-floor plan, supported by a logical array of columns and beams. Each block has its services and circulation strip in the centre. Spaces are open and any configuration is possible, being horizontal, vertical or even diagonal.

Pattern 03: Complexity

The Moscow City Administrative Complex is a mini-city, which auto-organizes. Activities change, departments move, building extents, connections open and close. The blood inputs of this growing organism are variated, can be closed, moved, bridged. There is no front, no back. All sides are the main facade. The visitor, helped by color-coded movable signalization, orient himself by constantly being able to understand his tridimensional coordinates in the complex, as the open spaces and facades permit large views of the structure.

Pattern 04: Organism

The building behaves as a living being, using the construction as marine life develops on coralian structure. High-density working zones follow open greenhouses and decompression spaces. Views from one part on another, on the city, are numerous and always different. The communication, the people, the technics flow. Open green spaces distribute air and light to inner spaces. Seasons rule the life of the project and the people inside, as the sun angle changes, plants cycle, water freezes...

Pattern 05: Technics

The complex is a northern organism and therefore centralized on sunlight. Its outer skin is almost completely made of glass. Crystals inserted into the concrete structure diffuse light in deeper parts and gather used air. A natural circulation occurs. Technics, fluids and human circulations use the center strips as a radiator, and glass spaces to communicate with other parts of the complex. The open space on the expocentre side gives an opening in the density of a busy part of the city and is ready to support future extensions of the complex.

Pattern 06: Rendering




















in categories  projects  architecture  permalink:  27   posted on 23.06.2008 17:43
From Yorik

Liverpool-Leeds Canal Footbridge Competition



The Liverpool-Leeds Canal Footbridge competition asked to propose a footbridge in Leeds, on the canal that goes all the way to Liverpool. The bridge should connect two ancient industrial zones, now being reconverted into housing. We tried to propose a strong industrial, sculptural object, that would act as a walkable monument. The new housing neighbourhoods risk to rapidly wipe out the industrial past, and we tried to propose an idea that would bridge not only the two sides of the canal, but also both past and future.

This bridge aims at giving a new meaning to this strategic point between a new part of the city and its mainland. A metallic composition, raising from its concrete base, deploys upon the canal and reaches the other side, bowing gently to the newcomer, inviting him to come discover its functionning. Along the path, the structure evolves, the forces bend, and the efforts in it lead its lines.
A typical boat setup: Amast supports a horizontal beam, which in turn give birth to a second-level sequence, a rib cage where each element carries and locks the next one. Past a certain point, the elements liberate themselves from the securing beam and do by themselves the last span. The whole transformation happens within the strict limits of a triangulated array of cables, which control the game and put everything under tension.












in categories  architecture  projects  permalink:  26   posted on 23.06.2008 17:41
From Yorik

Stockholm Public Library Competition



The Stockholm Library is a magnificent building designed by Gunnar Asplund in 1928. The competition aimed at extending the building, which is now too small to contain the collections of the library, and adding new multimedia sections. The site includes the Asplund building itself, and 3 posterior buildins on the side, also classified as heritage buildings, but of much less interest.

THE PROJECT

This project, more than a library extension, is a library entrance. It is a library that invites you to curiosity, have a look before you try, come down, enjoy, explore, feel part of the spaces an the histories, and make your own path. There, at the end, the temple and its secrets are waiting for you.
This project also marks a moment between past and future. Some things are recycled, others make room for an unknown future. It allows you to look outside and feel that moment.

THE SPACE

The new library is one single open space. Its internal separations deviate the path, not the view. It has many different spaces to explore, big open courtyards, low galleries, bridges. But you never forget that you are underground, in the basements of a city, where many secrets are hidden.

MEDIA AND PEOPLE

The space, although fragmented, is one continuity. The separations between activities are minimal and inner organisation develops accordingly, minimising transitions. Visitors and staff are using the same space, making comunication friendlier and easier.

BIOCLIMATISM

The project has a complete and optimal bioclimatic behaviour. The glass roofs receive sun almost all the day, low floor heights give a compact air volume, fresh air enters the project from lower points and travels freely against the roofs ensuring good control over temperature. Plants in the central areas also help to normalize humidity.

THE PUBLIC SPACE

As the new library is located between the Asplund park, the hill, Odenplan and Odengatan, it also gathers these spaces and make them part of a common whole.
The roof of the new library forms an entire public space that can be used in many ways, since the main structure is dimensioned to be able to receive temporary constructions. But its best use is simply to let people walk around, enjoy the sun when it comes and let everyone invent its own scenario. Some areas are walkable, some not, but even where you can't walk there are things to see.

THE GRASS

Between the concrete slabs, high grass and native plants from the Stockholm bay are growing, occupying the space. They form "rooms" on the slabs, catch the wind and the noises, and make the roof change over the seasons.

THE HILL

The roof also forms a new base to the hill, freeing it from being hidden behind the buildings and giving it back to the city. The roof is an invitation and an encouragement to climb the hill. Several paths and stairs are created, and if you prefer, the tube gently drives you half-way to the top.

THE ANNEXES

The annexes gain a new life in the library. Their entrances are preserved, and they are still used as a library. But where they occupied the view and the open space, they now work underground, their walls store heat from above, and they are the open places in the library, where you can come read a book or enjoy the natural light and heat.

THE STRUCTURE

The spaces are organized by a simple and regular structural grid. One of the annexes will be reinforced underneath, and the concrete floors help stabilize the whole construction and link the existing parts with the new ones. The roof structure is hybrid, mixing wood and steel, concrete and glass. The tube itself, finally, is meant to be an engineering challenge on its own, independant from the rest.

CONNEXIONS

The new library is a big hub, welcoming people from all directions. You can enter by the Asplund building, the Asplund park, the hill, the subway, Odengatan, Gyldngatan, the Diligentia building or even by the roof.
Inside the library, open and naturally lit areas alternate with darker and lower sections. Space dilatations and compressions show naturally the way to go in an out, and the path to the Asplund building, by the basement, is like a initiation ritual before entering the temple.

MORE ABOUT THE TUBE

The tube is the link between all the parts of the project, between the project and the city, and as the visible part of the new library, it is our humble contemporary contribution to the universe ruled by the Asplund library. The tube cleans the space, making the existing building occupy the place it deserves.
With a smooth 4.5% inclination, the tube is a multifunctional space, housing circulation, temporary exhibitions space, bar, visitors activities, sightseeing terrace and, as it is located exactly along the East-West axis, as an educational tool and an extension of the observatory. By this the tube contributes to keep the humanistic, academic nature of the whole observatory hill area.
The tube also has bioclimatic function, as it can be used to bring in fresh air from below and to help extract hot air from the roof.